We always get questions that are repeated to our box, when is the best time to go fishing? is one of them.
The appreciation of people is that there are some times better than others to fish, either within a period in the fishing season or simply at a specific time of day. For many anglers, time is limited, and making the most of fishing time requires planning if you want to catch something.
Knowing the factors that most influence fishing performance is an invaluable support in deciding when to fish: the time of year, the time of day, the water temperature, the amount of light, and the weather conditions.
In this note, we will try to resolve some of these doubts, so that you can fully understand the factors that must be taken into account when planning your next fishing trip.
If you interested to read here ( How To Keep Fish Fresh While Fishing For Longer )
Rotation of water by seasons
Seasonal rotation of water simply means the exchange of surface and bottom water in a lake or pond. It is a “natural recycling program” that occurs twice a year as the seasons change. There are spring and fall rotations, and summer stagnation in between. With an understanding of seasonal water rotation, combined with knowledge of what type of water certain fish-like, they can be a true fishing genius, giving them great insight into when and where to fish to get the best results.
Rotation of water in spring
Once the ice melts, the water on the surface of a lake begins to heat up. When it reaches 39 degrees it begins to sink and is replaced by colder water from the depth. This exchange continues until the water temperature is constant throughout the lake.
During the summer, the sun warms the water near the surface of the lakes, but it does not sink. Eventually, this is a condition known as “stratification,” which develops by putting a well-defined warm layer of water over a cold one. Fish like colder water, but they also need the higher oxygen levels found in warmer waters. So they are going to migrate to an area right between the two water levels.
Rotation of water in autumn
With the arrival of autumn and cooler air temperatures, the water on the surface of the lakes cools, becoming almost as heavy as the cool water at depth. Strong autumn winds move surface water and promote mixing with deeper water. This is the water rotation in the fall.
The lake water becomes more uniform in temperature and oxygen level to comfortable. Also allowing the fish to move freely for the best way. Fish can be difficult to find, as long as they follow these conditions. But once the weather turns cold and the surface of the lake begins to cool, the fish will stay near the depth, where the water is warmest.
Water temperature and water rotation
Each fish has a different range of water temperatures in which it can survive. Moreover, they are usually found in water close to that temperature and they can survive there.
By combining knowledge of water temperature and rotation, you can predict the best time to fish and which fish will be in which part of a lake at a certain time of year.
Fish that like warmer water will feed at the surface in the summer and at the depth in the fall. On the other hand, fish that like cooler water will feed at depth in the spring and at the surface in the fall. But let’s not get too overconfident, fish are always difficult to catch.
Too many hot days in the summer can cause fish in shallow lakes, ponds, and rivers to become dormant. The same is true in winter when water temperatures are lower. Why?
All fish are cold-blooded. This means that they cannot maintain their body temperature at a constant level, like humans and other warm-blooded animals. For this reason, the temperature of their environment influences the body temperature and the functions of the fish’s organism. Very high and very low temperatures reduce the amount of oxygen in the water, which makes the fish less active and demanding when eating and with the food they consume.
So here’s the first rule of thumb for when to fish: Fishing will be slower when it’s too hot or too cold.
Understanding this biology information will help you decide what type of lures and bait to use, and how fast or slow to move them. Move your lures or bait slowly in colder water, and faster in hot water
Fish prefer the early morning sun and afternoon sun rather than the strong midday sun. The morning sun warms the shallow waters and makes the water temperatures more comfortable for the fish to feed. The best fishing is late in the morning when the sun has had the most opportunity to warm the shallow waters. This is particularly true during spring in shallow waters, with dark or muddy bottoms, as dark areas absorb heat more quickly than light sandy bottoms.
The warm water temperature makes the minnows more active and available for sport fishing on cool days in early spring. On hot, sunny days, the fish move to cooler, deeper waters, to be comfortable. High-temperature conditions create a situation where shallow-water bait at the time. Usually, lure use is best only in the early morning and also the evening when cooler temperatures. When lower light levels allow fish to circulate into the waters. shallow in search of food.
At noon, warm surface water temperatures, reduced surface oxygen, and sudden high winds cause fish to move to deeper water in search of food. In these conditions, imitations or patterns for deep-sea fishing are the best.
You can already see how a combination of time of day, light, and weather can affect your fishing.
Variable weather conditions
The wind can play an important role in the best time to fish and your fishing success. The wind blows the water and food on the surface to the far shore, with the minnows behind the food and the predatory fish behind the minnows. So if you’re fishing from shore on a windy day, fish where you have to cast into the wind. In this way, the pattern will move with the wind, just like other food in the lake, and at the same time. If you are fishing from a boat, cast into the wind on a sheltered shore.
Storms and changing weather patterns affect the success of fishing, as the fish are very attuned to changes in barometric conditions. In the case of trout, as in the case of many fish, feeding increases during the hours immediately before a cold front, but decreases during and after a storm, or the arrival of a front.
Cloudy days improve fishing, as clouds prevent light from penetrating. Cloudy skies signal the best conditions for fishing because they cause fish to circulate for food more than they would on a sunny day when they tend to hide and stay near structures.
Another good time to fish is in cases of light rain, especially warm rain in spring or summer. Rain can help hide you from fish as rain breaks the fish’s view of the water’s surface. This applies to an opportunity for fishing on the shore, in the water, or by boat. Rain also causes insects and patterns to fall into the water, creating places where fish can easily take in food.
When there are heavy rain conditions, it is not a good time for fishing. Heavy rain muds the water, makes it difficult for fish to find the lures and makes the runoff heavy, which can clog their gills. High water levels can also create water rapids, waves, and unsafe fishing conditions. It is best to avoid fishing at times like these. They can surely wait until a time of better conditions.
By following these simple tips, you can have better elements to plan your fishing days in the future. Good fishing and tight, taut lines for everyone !!