Although store-bought foods are nutrient-dense and made to provide fish with a good diet, they can be expensive and contain many chemicals and artificial ingredients. Homemade fish food is cost-effective and perhaps much easier to prepare than you might expect. The beauty of making your fish food is that you can source all the products in the most sustainable way possible to ensure that you are feeding your fish the best quality food (homemade fish food/goldfish food homemade: 5 recipes)
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Where to start
Now all fish eat differently so it is difficult to give you an exact science for your fish food. All the following recipes can be adapted to your fish. We recommend that you consult the ingredient list for your current fish food. You can then use that as a template when creating your fish food.
Choose the first three or four ingredients to start. These are most likely fish ingredients like shrimp, cod, and salmon. Why not make some of these recipes and try them outside? Your fish may not like some of them, some fish can be quite fussy to eat, but that’s okay. You can try adding more or less certain ingredients to find the sweet spot.
What is equipment do I need to make for the best fish food?
- To make the following recipes, you will need: Your ingredients
- A good quality blender
- A sharp knife
- A pan
- A freezer
- Ice cube trays
What food is suitable for your fish?
Not all fish foods are suitable for all breeds of fish. Some fish are carnivores, some are herbivores, and some are omnivores. This is not a lifestyle choice; this is species-specific. It is important to understand what type of diner your fish is and to consider your fish’s diet before preparing your food. Let’s take a quick look at each category.
Herbivores: Fish that only eat plants are essential to maintain a healthy ecosystem. Great for eating all the algae in your tank. Most Plecos are herbivores. Omnivores: Fish that eat both plants and meat. The vast majority of fish are omnivores. Rainbow sharks are omnivores.
Green leafy vegetables are great for fish, they are packed with minerals and vitamins and are great imitations of the natural plants that you would find in their habitats. Spinach, Kale, Seaweed, and Lettuce are some of the options available. You can also get great live aquatic plants like Cabomba, Egeria, and Limnophilla. All of which are commonly available at pet stores. Fruits and vegetables are also rich in nutrients.
You can feed your fish a variety of them, including apples, pears, broccoli, and peas. Some fruits and vegetables can be fed raw, but generally, you should steam them or blanch them before putting them in the tank. Fish love garlic too!
Garlic has many antibacterial properties to keep your fish healthy. It can also increase the appetite of the fish. If used, for this reason, you need to crush the garlic and just rub the juice/oil over the food. Alternatively, you can chop it up and add it to any homemade recipe.
Many species of fish love to eat fish. The most popular types of fish food are trout, salmon, tuna, and cod. They are full of nutrients and are very cheap. You can also add other aquatic animals to your fish food, including shrimp, squid, mussels, and larvae. If you feed your fish live food, allow them only 5 minutes to eat it and then remove the rest to prevent rotting. A little fat is fine for your fish, if your fish is a carnivore, it can eat up to 6% fat concentration, but do not overfeed high-fat foods as this can damage their liver.
Homemade Fish Food Recipes
Let’s take a look at the recipes now. Remember, they can all be tailored to your fish’s needs. You can add more or less of all the ingredients. You may also want to add supplements and vitamins to your food.
- Standard homemade jellyfish food
This is perhaps the most common and easy homemade fish food recipe.
- 2 envelopes of gelatin without sugar
- 3 cups of vegetables
- ½ cup of seafood
- ½ clove of garlic
- A drop of fish vitamins.
Cut all the vegetables and cook them, you can steam or boil them. Blend the vegetables with the garlic and shellfish until they have a soft consistency and add the vitamins. Boil water to make your gelatin and add the required amount (see package) then slowly add the gelatin mixture to the vegetable mixture. For storage, you can pour the mixture into ice cube trays or thin baking sheets. Freeze until you need to use it.
2.Food for herbivorous fish
For those who don’t eat meat in their tank. This recipe is perfect for herbivores.
- Frozen peas
- Unflavored gelatin
Blanch all the vegetables and then puree them until smooth (you can use whatever vegetables you have available)
Add the oatmeal.
In a separate bowl, mix the gelatin with hot water (see envelope for details) and then slowly add the gelatin to the vegetable mixture. Store it in larger ice cube trays or muffin trays and shave off a piece when you need to feed your fish.
3. Meaty fish food
Packed with protein and meat, this is the perfect food for most species of fish.
- Any vegetables you have available (for example, broccoli, spinach, peas, carrots)
- Unflavored gelatin
- Beef heart
Cook vegetables and mix until smooth. Remove, peel and blend the beef heart, white fish, and shrimp. In a separate bowl, mix the gelatin with hot water according to the directions on the envelope. Combine all ingredients and store in ice cube trays in the freezer.
4. High protein fish food
If you are looking for a more specific recipe that you can follow rather than having to determine your amounts, this recipe is great.
- 200g salmon (fresh or canned seawater salmon)
- 1000g raw shrimp (tailed, unpeeled)
- 500g frozen peas
- 300 g carrots
- 500g of spinach
- 2 cloves of garlic
Mix the gelatin in a 2-liter pot of hot water, then add the rest of the ingredients to the pot. Heat the mixture over low heat until everything is cooked through (30 minutes – 1 hour). Pour the mixture into small ice cube trays and use as needed.
5. Recipe for uncooked fish food
This easy-to-make recipe requires no cooking and can be made in 30 minutes.
Chop all your ingredients into small pieces and blend. Add water if it is too thick. Make your gelatin mix in a separate bowl and add it to the mix. Pour the mixture into ice cube trays and freeze.
Your frozen fish food will last up to 12 months if properly stored in your freezer. Once the cubes are frozen, you can transfer them to a sealed bag or airtight container. You can shave chunks out of the ice bucket to feed your fish, one ice bucket is enough for a moderately stocked 50-gallon tank.
Remember that when you introduce new foods, they should also offer the food they are used to. Perhaps you could offer them their usual food in the morning and the new food in the evening. If they adapt well to home cooking, you can switch to that. You may want to modify the recipes every few months to give your fish lots of variety.
We hope you have fun experimenting with different foods, I’m sure your fish would appreciate it if you could.